Research on STEM Education

There is a well-recognized need for the United States to prepare more of its citizens to participate in STEM-related careers. However, structural problems within our educational system have proven to be significant obstacles. The impact of those obstacles is greater on underrepresented minorities and the economically disadvantaged, so they have a negative impact on both our economic competitiveness and social justice.

To make up for current deficiencies in the U.S. system we need a number of “on-ramps” to STEM careers located at critical points throughout P-20.

"Physics First: Battles for Acceptance" by Gabriel Popkin (AIP) July 2009.



"Emerging Industries in the United States" Hanover Research Report, December 2018



"High School Physics Availability" by Susan White and Casey Langer Tesfaye (AIP) April 2014.

"Underrepresented Minorities in High School Physics" by Susan White and John Tyler (AIP) June 2015

"High School Physics Courses and Enrollments"  by Susan White and Casey Langer Tesfaye (AIP) June 2014

"Female Students in High School Physics"  Results by Susan White & Casey Langer Tesfaye (AIP) July 2011

"Hispanic Participation Among Bachelor's in Physical Science and Engineering" by LaurA Merner (AIP) October 2014

"African American Participation Among Bachelor's in Physical Science and Engineering" by Laura Merner (AIP) November 2015

"African Americans and Hispanics Among Physics and Astronomy Faculty"   by Rachel Ivie, Garrett Anderson, & Susan White (AIP) July 2014

"Finding America’s Missing IB and AP Students," by Christina Tina Theokas and Reid Saaris, (The Education Trust) June 2013

"Transforming the Preparation of Physics Teachers: A Call to Action" (Task Force on Teacher Education Preparation (TTEP) December 2012

"How Well Do Advanced Placement Students Perform on the TIMSS Advanced Mathematics and Physics Tests?" by Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Kathleen M. O’Connor, and Julie A. Miles. This study compares AP performance to international results for AP Physics and Mathematics.



"Redos and Retakes done right" by Rick Wormeli (Educational Leadership) November 2011

"Retaking Summative Assessments at the High School Level" by Katherine Gray (Dissertation: Eastern Kentucky University) January 2014

"No Penalties for Practice" by Douglas Fisher,  Nancy Frey, and Ian Pumpian (Educational Leadership) November 2011

"How I Broke My Own Rule and Learned to Give Retakes"  by Myron Dueck (Educational Leadership) November 2011

"Expecting Excellence: Seven Reasons for Standards-Based Grading" by Patricia Scriffiny (ASCD) October 2008

"Effective Grading Practices in the Middle School and High School Environments" (Hanover Research) February 2011



"Vygotsky's Social Constructivism" (Berkeley Graduate Instructor Teaching and Resource Center)

"Social Constructivism Vignette" by Roy Jackson, Jessica Karp, Ellen Patrick, Amanda Thrower (University of Georgia)



A growth mindset, the understanding of intelligence and abilities as qualities we can develop, has been shown over and over to have powerful ramifications on student motivation and learning, and school success by Dweck and others (Mindset Works).

Regardless of ethnicity, gender, class rank or SAT score, students with advanced placement credit earned higher first semester college GPAs than their counterparts with similar high school academic
characteristics, but who lacked advanced placement credit by Timothy Scott, Homer Tolson, Yi-Hsuan (Journal of College Admission 2010)

AP students 



"What teachers need to know about formative assessment" by Laura Greenstein (ASCD Book Review 2010)